Not so long ago, the Transparency International released their 2018 report titled ‘Corruption Perceptions Index 2018’ which measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories. Drawing on 13 surveys of business people and expert assessments. The index scores on a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
In one of my previous articles, I talked about how corruption causes education deficit. From ghost teachers in South Africa to Bribes for reserving seats at prestigious primary schools in Vietnam, corruption is still the number one factor keeping some countries behind, especially in Africa.
I also went on and published a short research reviewing literature on the effects of corruption on poverty. The findings were shocking, however, they confirmed the debate around how corruption keeps countries behind.
The results in the report by Transparency International, as the paper puts it, paint a sadly familiar picture. More than two-thirds of countries in the report score below 50, while the average score is just 43. Perhaps what’s more disturbing is that the vast majority of countries assessed have made little to no progress. Only 20 have made significant progress in recent years.
According to the report the following is what they found:
Sub-Saharan Africa is the lowest scoring region on the index, and has failed to translate its anti-corruption commitments into any real progress. A region with stark political and socio-economic contrasts and longstanding challenges, many of its countries struggle with ineffective institutions and weak democratic values, which threaten anti corruption efforts.
Corruption is a global phenomenon that affects any country in different ways. Dealing with corruption would restore a number of broken aspects such as the trust between the society and the government.